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A series of interviews with women about their thoughts and leadership experiences.

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KLARA FARKAS

By Anthony T. Eaton


What initially caught my attention when I first came across Klara’s profile on LinkedIn is the opening quote in her bio.


“Everything we do - in work and in life - is rooted in communication. "The single biggest problem in communication is the illusion that it has taken place" - G.B. Shaw. 


This was the hook that drew me in and made me want to learn more about who she is and the work she is doing.


AE: What attracted you to study international business and marketing?


KF: I was always fascinated with what motivates people to behave the way they behave and buy what they buy. Growing up in the 80’s everyone was a walking billboard. Whether it was an alligator on our shirts, a swoosh on our shoes or a certain label with a horse on my jeans – it was all about the label. Having visited my relatives back in Hungary which at the time was still behind the iron curtain, I was fascinated how even without access, the awareness and attraction to these brands was even more feverish.


AE: I remember the 80’s well, it was the advent of branding for sure. Are their significant differences to the way other countries approach both business and marketing compared to the U.S.? 


KF: The principles and frameworks for good marketing, meaning positioning, branding and communications are universal practices. What fascinated me was the cultural insights which would drive the approach to market. The brilliant approach I think that we took at Yum Brands was we exported certain foundational pillars of each brand and then allowed for local interpretation and execution. This is exactly what made KFC, Pizza Hut and Taco Bell so successful in so many markets worldwide.  


AE: That is interesting and it makes a lot of sense that there are universal principles. As a woman working internationally were there unique challenges?


KF: I was fortunate to have been warmly received and well respected everywhere I went. I came with the intent to learn and add value, and I believe this was appreciated. At Yum, there was a Corporate Culture that superseded local culture. Everyone treated each other with respect and admiration for the unique talents and perhaps cultural perspectives they could share. My role was also a global one and had I worked in-country and tried to “fit in”, perhaps my experience might have been different.


AE: Having worked for mufti-national companies myself I understand how important corporate culture is to being successful. Did you find that other countries have the same kind of leadership challenges or are their differences? 


KF: In my experience I believe leadership challenges are more similar than they are different regardless of domicile, but perhaps more pronounced in different parts of the world. Great leadership in Thailand looks similar to great leadership in India which looks like great leadership in Brazil. It’s where leaders are inclusive, respectful, have a clear vision and empower people to get the job done. 


AE: Clearly the leadership approach makes all the difference. I really like what you state on your website “Personal branding isn’t about adopting a fake persona; it’s about becoming more YOU—the best version of you.” Have you encountered individuals who have some kind of brand but it does not match who they really are? 


KF: Our innate ability as humans gives us the perceptibility of recognizing whether someone is being authentic or not. When someone is trying just a bit too hard to be something they are not, it is evident. I see it most often when someone is newly promoted into a big position and they overcompensate, believing they need to be a certain way in order to “live up” to the role. 


AE: Do you think that women leaders make the mistake of putting on a false persona? 


KF: As with men, some do and some don’t. Some are ready, steady and in the game and bring a level of confidence that says I belong here. Even if I don’t know the answer, I can get the job done. Other leaders may feel either in over their head or are bending to what their constituencies want to hear and therefore compromise themselves, so they turn up inauthentic.


AE: It was after your own executive coach taught you how to develop your unique personal brand that you started your own business. Was it the catalyst or had you always wanted to be an entrepreneur? 


KF: Not at all. I thought I would live out my days in Corporate America. It wasn’t until after my coaching experience that I realized that I wanted to have a greater impact and focus my efforts on helping other women in large organizations navigate the jungle gym and thrive. For sure my coach had planted the seeds, but it wasn’t until a few years later that I actually took the chance to go out on my own.


AE: And now you coach individual professionals, groups and small businesses. Is there one area over another that you enjoy more? 


KF: What lights me up is facilitating “a-ha” moments. This can happen one-on-one or in a room of many. I do admit I love the energy of an audience which is ironic coming from someone who would miss class if I had get up and speak. The fear of public speaking plagued me for years, but eventually I was able to move through it thinking of myself as the messenger and not the main act. This way I could focus on helping others. 


AE: I love that you say that because it is the “a-ha” moments that bring me the most satisfaction in the work I do. Working in HR I see common struggles with those I support; are there common struggles amongst the groups you coach? 


KF: Clarity and communication. This is how Klarity International was born. Whether individuals or groups, the common struggle is getting clarity on where we need to go and how do we communicate our vision, mission and purpose. Often, even when the path is unclear, we can always figure out what is the 1 thing we can do next. That 1 step is a step out of paralysis and into action.


AE: Communication seems to be the key for both of us. A big focus of your approach is around personal brand. We have been hearing the term for some time now especially with celebrities, but do you think most people really understand the concept? 


KF: Vaguely, but my sense is people don’t. Personal branding at its core is about personal accountability. What do I stand for? What are my values? How do I demonstrate my value? So before taking to social media and promoting yourself, there is a fair amount of work and reflection which is required to get a sense for who you are.

AE: I have certainly seen that in the leaders I have encountered. In addition to your business you serve as the Program Manager, Facilitator and Business Development Consultant for WOMEN Unlimited, Inc. What drew you to working with them? 


KF: I first started mentoring for Women Unlimited while I was still at Yum Brands. Shortly after leaving, I was contacted by Women Unlimited and invited to facilitate one of the sessions in Southern California. That experience led to me to becoming the Program Manager for LEAD, a year-long program which aims to help women move from managing to leading. Think of it as an Executive MBA in leadership. 


AE: What kind of training does the program provide to women? 


KF: Women Unlimited Inc. (WUI) partners with organizations that want to bridge the gender parity gap. The beneficiaries of the experience are the women that these companies nominate to attend one of our programs. It’s not training, but rather an experiential processe where the women learn to create a network, get coached by senior-level mentors and learn about the fundamentals of leadership such Influence, Risk Taking, Executive Presence, Leading Strategically. Women have a different experience in the workplace than men and often show up differently than men. Women Unlimited provides them with a safe environment where they can speak openly without fear of judgement, learn from each other and coach each other.


AE: How important is it for women leaders to give back? 


KF: Vital I would say. It is important for women to set an example for others and be great servant leaders. 


AE: Do you think existing women leaders do enough to help up and coming women? 


KF: Yes and there is always more that women leaders can do. I work with many organizations and I am happy to find that women for the most part want and will help up-and-coming women.  The key is to ingratiate this into the culture where not just women leaders, but ALL leaders are helping up-and coming female talent so they are consciously included in conversations, and informal networks.


AE: Have you had a mentor or someone that helped you during your career? 


KF: Of course, I was fortunate to have several mentors, both formal and informal, but I only had 1 sponsor and this is the missing link for women in the Corporate world. 13% of women have sponsors – that person who will take a risk on you and put their neck out and advocate for you. 


AE: We still see a small number of women running major corporations and serving on board of directors. How does that change to create greater representation?


KF: I think the latest figure was 24 women leading an S&P corporation. On International Women’s Day, the CEO of Xerox, John Visentin published an article strongly endorsing the need for a balanced workforce. “I am a believer that businesses, such as ours, need to take the lead in tapping into the full pool of human talent to build a sustainable future.” . This is where it must start – at the very top. Leaders must believe that it makes business sense and hold their teams accountable for creating diverse and representative teams.


AE: I read your article “Why we all remember his dream” about Martin Luther King Jr. where you wrote “…he spoke from the heart. We felt what he felt. His passion ignited the same emotions in everyone, branding it on everyone's heart.” Resonated with me. Why don’t more leaders do this; make themselves vulnerable? 


KF: For fear of being vulnerable and looking the fool – this, I believe, is what many leaders fail to do and yet by being vulnerable, it is the surest way to enroll an army of devoted employees to your cause. I had the good fortune of working for some of the best leaders. I will never forget when Greg Creed, now CEO of Yum Brands said at a global franchise convention “I may not be right, but I will be clear” which I thought was incredibly bold. No leader can make all right decisions, but the leader who steps up and says “I was wrong, we need to course-correct” will always have respect over the person who postures and positions.


AE: I could not agree more. So many times leaders are unwilling to admit they are wrong and stay the course even when they know it won’t lead to success. What is the biggest mistake you see new women leaders make? 


KF: I have observed some women new in a leadership role believing that they need to have all the answers, not fully empowering their teams (a recovering perfectionist dilemma) and not strategically building sufficiently diverse networks inside and outside of the organization for support and candid feedback. 


AE: What is the biggest mistake any leader can make? 


KF: Not listening and not continually learning. If a leader begins to “drink their own cool-aid”, their perspective becomes very skewed, and frankly, outdated. At the pace of business today, a great leader has to anticipate the ever-constant changing landscape. Relying on past methods or successes would be a very big mistake.


AE: How would you describe your leadership style? 


KF: I love to get people excited about what makes them excited! Rallying the troops if you will. My passion is for others to find what they are good at or can become good at. I have become much more empathetic while still seeking excellence from others.


AE: You are speaking my language! As a leader, what is the one thing you will not tolerate? 


KF: Lying or posturing. Nobody wants to be lied to or manipulated (or feel as though they are being manipulated). My aim is to get to the truth and uncover the root cause of an issue or behavior. 


AE: What has been the greatest gain for women since you began your career? 


KF: I think we’ve gained a voice, not just individually but collectively. We are no longer acting and dressing like men and are showing up more authentically. This of course depends on the company and industry, but on the whole, I think women are coming into their own. 


AE: If you could only give one piece of advice to young women entering the workforce what would it be and why? 


KF: Worry less about what people’s opinion is of you and more about what value you can contribute to your team and to your company. Learn, fail, try again, make mistakes, get up, take risks, and keep becoming!


Klara studied international business with a concentration in marketing in the U.S. and London, followed by an internship in Germany. She did her graduate studies at the Thunderbird School of Global Management. After being promoted to the Global Marketing Director at Taco Bell International her team launched the Taco Bell Brand in a dozen countries.


After 20 years of corporate branding she launched Klarity International. As a personal brand coach with Klarity International Klara helps people create their own personal brand by discovering their unique promise of value and sharing it with the world. To learn more about Klara and Klarity International visit her website http://klarityinternational.com/

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COLLEEN BIRDNOW BROWN

By Anthony T. Eaton | April 2019


I am always intrigued by other people’s journey and it was no different when I came across Colleen Birdnow Brown, the former CEO of Fisher Communications who served in the C-Suite of various Fortune 500 multimedia companies. It was no surprise when she agreed to do an interview for this series that she would give such thoughtful answers to my questions.


AE: You started out in broadcast media, what attracted you to that? 


CB: At the time it was not only a cool industry but it was also an industry that was growing and changing.  I grew up with one TV station, the CBS affiliate in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. The signal was poor, but for a kid from rural Iowa it opened up the world to me. The possibility of doing that kind of work, to open up the world to others, was inspiring.  

 

AE: Broadcast media was and still is dominated by male executives, did you have any challenges being a woman executive in the field? 


CB: Of course we all have our stories: From being underestimated, to being discounted to being objectified …it was never easy. As you may know, a great majority of TV stations are held by corporations that have two classes of stock. This enables the controlling shareholder to have the luxury of staying at the helm of their organizations. 


AE: Your career in broadcast media was very successful and you worked all over the 

country, was that by design or necessity? 


CB: Thank you, it was a little of both.  When I began in the industry the belief that you worked your way up by working in smaller stations first before moving on to larger markets was the norm.  Once I began to work at the corporate level it was a mixture of the glass ceiling and opportunities that kept us on the move. That, and a wonderful husband who adapted to whatever the circumstance. 


      "It is a challenge to move from big corporate thinking to a startup mentality."


AE: We still see a small number of women running major corporations and serving on board of directors. How does that change to create greater representation? 


CB: I’m disappointed this fact pattern has not changed.  While progress has been made, it is still difficult to understand what is holding back half the population.  Especially, when there is evidence of the benefit of women at the helm and at companies that diversify their boards.


AE: Do you think existing women leaders do enough to help up and coming women?


CB:  It’s a complex subject.  Do we ever do enough? I wouldn’t be where I am today without the help of great women…corporate executives and female spouses of corporate executives.  They helped pave the way for my ability to perform. I’ve committed to moving other women forward. 


AE: You made a fairly significant career shift going from broadcast media into tech; what was the catalyst for that? 


CB: Some would say the career shift came when I went into media.  Technology was my first job….from a long line of family members that are engineers and technologists …I began as a programmer. 


AE: In 2015 you founded Marca Global and it was named as an Inc. 5000 fasted growing technology company. Were there any ah ha moments in starting your own company? 


CB: It is a challenge to move from big corporate thinking to a startup mentality. But it has been a tremendously healthy thing to do from the board room perspective.   Metrics driven performance can be applied in any division or department, yet it is still uncommon in traditional companies. A comprehensive professional strategic or marketing plan is not always the norm and a metrics driven performance and the urgency is not commonplace.  Yet as the service provider it is our holy grail.


"…none of us succeed alone. Many terrific individuals made a difference in my career."


AE: The tech world is still very male dominated, do you/have you encountered any challenges being a woman CEO running her own tech company? 


CB: A few really, really great people get it…but it’s a pretty lonely dynamic situation no matter if you are a woman or a man.  


AE: You have served on the board of directors for some very well-known companies. Do you see common challenges that leaders struggle with?


CB:  It is difficult to transition from the traditional way things are done to the uber competitive specialists applied today. How do you compete against the big, ubiquitous online companies when you are in a market without the natural digital talent pool, ability to manage high level performance, have the key “know how” for transformation and the discipline to keep up with the big guys. Competencies for most for the most part are quite apparent but true differentiators are much more difficult to identify and claim.


AE: Have you had a mentor or someone that helped you during your career? 


CB: Yes, none of us succeed alone. Many terrific individuals made a difference in my career.  A female graduate professor who mentored us to a national General Motors award, to an executive that was motivated to put a women in his chair when he was promoted and a grandmother that assured us we would never be given more than we can handle. 


AE: What is the biggest mistake you see new women leaders make? 


CB: Ahhh…putting our heads down and doing top level work and thinking that is enough. 


                        "It all works out.  Do your best and you will be successful."


AE: We have seen some shifts recently with the way women are treated in the workplace as it relates to equal pay and sexual harassment to name a couple areas; but are we having the right discussions about these things or are we just polarized by them?


CB: First of all, I think it is great we are thinking about this and having the discussion.  So much has happened that needs to be examined with women in the work force. The pendulum always swings widely when there is a course correction.  It’s important to use diligence, judgement and compassion when looking at the situation. But I’m hopeful that we will find a fair, equal and open evaluation of the individuals that help us build our companies.


AE: What kind of leader are you; how would you describe your leadership style? 


CB: Intense but fair.  At least that is the feedback I’ve gotten through the years. I’m from the Midwest…most people will say authentic…focused curious.  I give a lot of rope until you prove I should do otherwise.


AE: As a leader, what is the one thing you will not tolerate? 


CB: Bullies and lies.  


AE: What has been the greatest gain for women since you began your career? 


CB: Wow…no panty hose…for sure!! I was once sent home to change due to a run in my pantyhose by a male boss…embarrassing!! Seriously, we are experiencing more diversity of voice and greater light on behavior in the board room and most organizations have it on their agenda.  


AE: What is the biggest mistake any leader can make? 


BC: Being a coward…shirking accountability or responsibility for your team.


AE: If you could only give one piece of advice to young women entering the workforce what would it be and why?  


CB: It all works out.  Do your best and you will be successful.  Don’t take things personally, even when it is.  Keep things in perspective.   


AE: I like to finish my interviews with a quote, do you have a favorite?


CB: …“It is not the critic who counts; not the man who points out how the strong man stumbles, or where the doer of deeds could have done them better. The credit belongs to the man who is actually in the arena,”…Or woman! ~Theodore Roosevelt


Colleen has also served as Chairwoman on the Board of American Apparel, the Boards of Spark Networsk, Careerbuilder.com, Cars.com and DataSphere Technologies.

Besides being a board member, Colleen is also an award sinning leader and frequent speaker, she has received numerous awards and was named in the top 100 by NACD. To learn more about Colleen’s company Marca Global visit the website at https://www.marcagloballlc.com/ 


COMMENTS

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SHABNAM MOGHARABI

By Anthony T. Eaton

This interview was originally posted December 2015


While doing research for another WOMEN ON LEADERSHIP article, I stumbled upon an interview with Shabnam Mogharabi which in turn led me to the discovery of SoulPancake. 


SoulPancake is a  multi-platform media company whose mission is to create uplifting and inspiring content. I was immediately intrigued not only with what I read about the company but also its CEO and how she 

fulfilled her own desire to do work that was meaningful and inspiring. 


In the world where there is so much but often little substance Shabnam shared with me a bit about her journey to becoming CEO of SoulPancake, her experience, and thoughts on being a leader.


AE: Let’s start with you. While it comes as no surprise that your educational background is in business administration and journalism; you also have a minor in comparative religion. What drew you to that?


SM: I've always been fascinated by how people come to believe what they believe. Everyone has a different relationship with faith, spirituality, and religion, and I like understanding that side of people. 


AE: Was or is there a woman in journalism that you admire or that has inspired you?


SM: Like most women, I love Oprah. She is naturally curious, observant, and empathetic, and I think those qualities make the best journalists and storytellers. 


AE: We have experienced this phenomenal shift to a “reality television” kind of mindset where people will do and share anything to be “seen”. How do you think this is influencing young women?


SM: I think the desire to be "seen" is driven by a more fundamentally human need to connect, which is what I think causes most human behavior and action. I think it's OK for young women to want to express themselves and discover who they are. But I also think it's important to teach young men and women both to have a sense of self-worth and self-value that is not dictated by whether he or she is "famous." You have to have inner confidence -- that's where real beauty and visibility of spirit come from. 


AE: Would having a woman president break the ultimate proverbial glass ceiling?


SM: It would be a historic and profoundly important moment for women. I think women have a great deal to offer in the workplace, including in the highest office of the land. That being said, I don't think a woman should get elected just because she is female. She should also be strong, decisive, compassionate, experienced, and cool under pressure -- the same qualities I would expect of a male president. 


SoulPancakes mission is to ask questions and inspire discussions about humanity, spirituality, and philosophy.  In 2010, Rainn Wilson, Devon Gundry, Golriz Lucina and Shabnam Embarked on a project that would become the book “SoulPancake: Chew on Life’s Big Questions.” In 2012, the company launched what would become viral video sensation “Kid President” and in 2014 the hugely successful "Kitten Therapy".


AE: I absolutely love what SoulPancake is doing. I believe having meaningful conversations and experiences is what life is about. What has been the most meaningful conversation or experience you have had lately?


SM: I went on a week-long trip to Italy with my mom this summer -- just her and I. I'm the oldest of four, so getting dedicated quality time with my mom as an adult, without my dad or sisters, is a really precious thing. We had a great time driving around Tuscany and talking, not as mother and daughter but as friends. 


AE: Is there anything new happening at SoulPancake that you can share?


SM: SoulPancake is in a really exciting time from a content perspective! We were just named to the Inc500 list of fastest-growing small businesses in the country. We have announced licensing deals with big partners such as Verizon, Conde Nast, and others. And we have a number of new shows launching this fall on our YouTube channel. 

  

We’re often so distracted that we forget to connect with each other. This is a reminder of how easy it is

to show you care.


On September 29th in partnership with Hershey's Kisses chocolates "Strangers Surprised by an Unusual Reminder to Care" was launched exclusively on SheKnows.com,  and is being hosted on SoulPancake's YouTube channel, where viewers catch passers-by being surprised by a reminder to share a kind gesture to spread positivity and joy.


AE: As a leader of a company that spreads joy and celebrates the human experience how do you incorporate that with your own employees?


SM: Lots of dance parties. And cupcakes. And skateboards. And service days.


AE: Do you think men and women lead differently?


SM: I think every human being will lead a little differently. Leadership styles are profoundly influenced by our experiences and backgrounds. No two people will lead in the same way. That being said, I think there are certain qualities that are traditionally described as 'feminine' that are growingly important in leadership -- qualities like compassion, empathy, being a good listener, and authenticity. 


AE: If you could tell every young girl something, what would it be?


SM: The same thing I would tell any young boy. You matter, you have the power to change the world, and I believe in you. 

  

Rainn Wilson, co-creator of “SoulPancake,” is a famed actor and most well-known for his role as Dwight Schrute on NBC’s “The Office,” his acting credits include “Six Feet Under,” “Cooties,” and most recently, “Backstrom.”


AE: Of course I have to ask, what is it like having Rainn Wilson as a boss?


SM: Rainn is smart, funny, and a little weird -- brainstorming meeting with him is always... um... interesting. But he is also still as passionate about SoulPancake today as he was 6 years ago when he founded it. You couldn't ask for a better business partner than that. 

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JULIE WINKLE GIULIONI

By Anthony T. Eaton | February 2019


I am always on the lookout for someone new to interview for this series, and, a great leadership book. I recently found both with Julie Winkle Giulioni co-author of Help Them Grow or Watch Them Go. Julie was kind enough to send me an advance copy of the book and when I read it, it immediately resonated with me. It doesn’t matter if you are an employee or a leader, you will get something out of this book!


AE: Where did the original idea come from for your book Help Them Grow or Watch Them Go?


JWG: Despite volumes of data that paint a really compelling business case for career development, managers and leaders still struggle to do it (or to do it well.) My co-author and I wanted to get to the bottom of what was getting in the way… and, more importantly, we wanted to offer a way of thinking about career development that would make it more relevant and doable in today’s environment.


AE: There is a lot of data and material available, but it can be very difficult to sort through in a concise way. I personally like the way the information has been presented and how easy it is to apply. The book has been updated and in its second addition; what’s new?


JWG: In the time since the first edition was released, I’ve had the chance to travel around the world working with organizations to implement the Help Them Grow principles. So, we were able to expand the second edition with some of these learnings and enhancements. But, most importantly, we’ve taken on the critical role of culture in supporting career development and included an assessment and discussion of cultural hallmarks.


AE: Those are great additions, especially for those starting out or looking for a better way. The second addition was just released, what has the response been?


JWG: We’ve been delighted with the response. Help Them Grow or Watch Them Go immediately hit #1 in its Amazon category and we’ve received tremendously positive feedback from readers. What was most personally heartening to me was the outpouring of support I received from my online ‘tribe’ and the number of people who became actively involved in the launch. It was a rich and rewarding community effort.


AE: I am glad to count myself among those and thank you for giving me a sneak preview to the book. Each chapter starts with a kind of statement from “an employee (perhaps yours). Are those from actual people or created? I like them.


JWG: We conducted a lot of interviews as we prepared to write Help Them Grow. So, some of the descriptions represent real people we encountered along the way. Others are more composites, representing in one character the issues and themes we heard from many.


AE: Do you think leaders really understand the power of developing their people?


JWG: No. If they did, they would enthusiastically do it. There’s such a body of evidence around the benefits of career development. It enhances engagement, discretionary effort, innovation, quality, job and customer satisfaction, recruiting, retention, productivity and the bottom-line. When leaders understand this – really understand this – it’s a hard business case to ignore.


In a recent Dale Carnegie survey, companies with engaged employees outperform those without by up to 202%.


AE: Flipping that question, do employees take enough responsibility for developing themselves?


JWG: In most cases, no. But, I’m not sure it’s their fault. There’s a lot of talk about employees owning their development but too few organizations are backing that talk up with the tools, systems and support required to allow them to take action in the direction of their goals.


AE: There are great “What if” questions throughout the book; do you have any favorites?


JWG: This is akin to asking which of my children is my favorite! J I like them all. I like the idea of ‘what if’ questions in general. This kind of possibility thinking is hopeful and expansive… and can lead to new insights and intentions. 


AE: Do you think that it is more important during times like these, where unemployment is so low, for organizations to put more effort into developing their people?


JWG: While it should be a perineal priority – because your best talent will always have options – career development is mission critical today. With record low unemployment, retention is one of the issues keeping executives up at night. Since we know that development is one of the top reasons people give for leaving a position, this is an obvious and high payoff area of focus.


Research shows that a full 40% of employees who don’t receive the necessary job training to become effective will leave their positions within the first year.


AE: We are in agreement, it should not matter but it is critical at times like these. Development is absolutely a retention tool. Where did your passion for development come from?


JWG: I had the good fortune that several of my first bosses were extraordinary. They were deeply committed to me (and all of their employees.) They took the time to get to know me, understand my talents and uncover my goals. They encouraged my growth and threw me into the deep end of the pool… all the while standing ready with a life preserver. I experienced remarkable growth as well as joy at work. Tim Kelsey, Diane Morgan, and Beverly Marsh were exceptional leaders who I modeled my own approaches – and ultimately my career – after.


AE: It makes all the difference when you have a great boss who is as invested in you as they are their own success. Do you see common problems with leaders or individuals when it comes to how they approach development?


JWG: The most common problem is that they either don’t do it… or they just go through the motions, completing the forms and meeting the deadlines but with a spirit of compliance rather than commitment to connecting, inspiring, and creating forward momentum.


AE: How key is the connection and relationship between the leader and their employee and where do leaders start?


JWG: The connection and relationship are absolutely key. But I wonder if this could be a chicken or egg situation. Sure, you could start with the relationship and use that to build trust and encourage growth. But what if you’re a new supervisor who hasn’t yet created those personal connections? Could you start by offering genuine support for the growth of others and build the trust and relationship as a result? Either way, I think we create a virtuous cycle in which growth and relationships positively feed upon each other.


Communicating well is the one critical skill that 91 percent of 1,000 employees in a recent Interact/Harris Poll said their leaders lack.


AE: You have included some great feedback about the book by readers inside; have you gotten one that really stands out?


JWG: I did a speaking engagement recently and one of the attendees came up afterward. He shared that he’d bought Help Them Grow over six years ago when it first came out and still kept it on his nightstand to remind him each morning about his highest priority at work!


AE: That is awesome! Sometimes, leaders are over looked when it comes to their continued development, how do organizations ensure that the leaders get the same kind of focus and attention?


JWG: It can be challenging for leaders to get excited about making a commitment to developing others when they aren’t getting similar development themselves. As a result, they owe it to themselves and their organizations to seek out what they need. To request time and attention from their own managers. Or, if they can’t get their needs met in that way, to find mentors or coaches in other parts of the organization.


AE: Most of the time when it comes to coaching in an organization it happens at the executive level. I think that it should start long before that. What do you think?


JWG: Agreed. I think everyone benefits from coaching. And leaders at each level of the organization should commit to ongoing coaching conversations focused on performance and growth with their direct reports. But, given our increasingly distributed workplace, large management spans of control, and the focus on knowledge work, we also need to begin preparing peers with the skills needed to coach each other – as they may be in a better position to offer feedback and support than managers anyway.


84% of organizations anticipate a shortfall of leaders in the next 5 years.


AE: You make a very good point; some of the best coaching I have received has actually come from peers and even my direct reports. How do you describe an “authentic” conversation between an employee and leader?


JWG: Authentic conversations begin with a genuine intention to be of service, a spirit of curiosity and the deep desire to learn. These three elements trump everything else. And if I had to choose between these and a polished process for navigating the conversation, I’d choose the former any day because authenticity resonates with others and supports growth.


AE: Very well said. Why do you think we have traditionally looked at career development separate from what employees are currently doing?


JWG: The image of the old career ladder is deeply embedded in many of our minds, despite the fact that it’s been dead for some time. Much of the workforce continues to hold the expectation that growth means making a move. And, this in large part explains the consistently low levels of satisfaction that exist with career development. But, in today’s flatter environments with less mobility, we have to confront the reality the in many cases, the best place to grow just might be right where you are.


AE: I see managers get it wrong time and time again when it comes to what their employees want and need; why do you think that is?


JWG: Normally when they get it wrong it’s because they’re not talking to employees about these very important things. Too frequently leaders think they know others – or they make assumptions based upon their own preferences and interests. When they take the time to ask, though, they’re rewarded not only with correct and actionable information – but also a deeper relationship, more trust, and greater loyalty (which in today’s tight labor market can be a powerful retention lever.)


AE: If there is one fundamental piece of advice you would give to both employees and managers about career development what would it be?


JWG: Start talking. The power – of connection, insight, motivation, and action- all emanates from the conversation. 


AE: Will there be another book?


JWG: You bet… but if I tell you any more, I’ll have to kill you! J


ABOUT JULIE


Julie Winkle Giulioni is an author, speaker, and consultant who helps organizations: demystify what it takes to become a great ‘people leader’; fire up the passion and commitment of employees; and keep great talent by activating and developing it.


Named one of Inc. Magazines top 100 leadership speakers, Julie is also the co-author of the international bestseller, Help Them Grow or Watch Them Go: Career Conversations Organizations Need and Employees Want. She works with clients domestically and internationally, offering keynote addresses, facilitated workshops, custom webinars, elearning and microlearning solutions that deliver measurable results. She is a regular contributor to The Economist, SmartBrief, Saba’s TalentSpace, the Conference Board’s Human Capital Exchange, and a variety of publications and offers thoughts on leadership, career development, and more via her blog: www.juliewinklegiulioni.com


 COMMENT ON THIS INTERVIEW 

Francene Scott Diehl

By Anthony T. Eaton | January 2019


I met Francene some twenty years ago when we worked together for a municipal city government, me as a Human Resource professional and her as the Health and Safety professional. Although we only worked together for a short time we forged a close personal and professional relationship built on mutual respect and appreciation for both our similarities and differences. It is because of this history along with the many debates and conversations we had that I was sure a new conversation would make for a great interview.


AE: You and I worked together almost 20 years ago which is amazing when I think about it. How different is the work environment today from what it was then?


FSD: A lot has changed in the past 20 years for me and my career. Things like flex-work time, working remotely and family/work life balance were just ideas on a note pad years ago. Employers talked about balancing family and work but never created systems to foster this concept. 


Over the past 15 years, I have worked for organizations that really understood and promoted these concepts. 20 years ago, I was still having children and trying to balance all that came with having a career and being a new mother. Having the opportunity to work remotely, adjusting my schedule to accommodate breastfeeding and nursing schedules would have been very nice. If the City had these benefits, it would have been harder for me to leave. One would have thought that civil service/local government employment would have included these types of perks; unfortunately, it did not. 


We worked a fixed schedule and had a fixed amount of leave. Nothing was offered or given in the area of leave as it pertained to new mothers. I can remember being on bed rest at the hospital for my son over a 3 month period and my leader at the time trying to force me to handle safety concerns while in the hospital. I forced her to pay me for work accomplished while hospitalized; as she did not want to do this. To think back, this should have been easy for her, as she was a woman with children and should have naturally understood the unfairness involved in demanding this request for a scared mother on hospital mandated bed rest. Unfortunate for her at the time, she did not. She and I have since reconnected and I am sure that her thought process has changed, but at the time, she did not have the courage, foresight or the compassion to empathize with me at the time. 


AE: If I recall, you were at the very beginning of your career in the Health and Safety field and at that time it was unusual for women to hold those positions. Do you think that has changed or is it still one of the few fields where men dominate?


FSD: I do see a shift in the field to include diversity of candidates. However, many of the most powerful jobs in EHS are still predominately held by white males. I have been fortunate in my career due to my deciding early on to superiorly educate myself and to earn as many national certifications in the field early in my career. I held the ASP/CSP before it became popular. Most safety professionals were unable to pass the original exams due to the rigor surrounding the engineering principle based on test questions. This forced the Board of Certified Safety Professionals to reconstruct an exam; making it easier to pass. 


However, by the time that the Board did this, I was already well on my way and had access to many of the better jobs due to me already possessing these coveted certifications. Around the same time that Board reconstructed the exams, the field of safety was becoming more stringent on worker safety and companies began increasing the knowledge and standards that safety professionals needed to possess to earn mid to upper-level positions. I had prepared for this wave of change and this resulted in my rapid career trajectory. By the time that I was 30, I held my first VP job. This was pretty rare and still is for a woman of color. 


Just because I was able to climb does not mean that I was treated well. Companies at the time were not comfortable hiring and retaining a woman of color who had immense knowledge and could stand her ground with male counterparts. Companies also did not really understand how to relate to women such as myself; strong, confident and compassionate. I was always labeled as “mean, the bitch, or other derogatory terms which denote a strong woman with even stronger convictions. The first part of my career reflected an immense level of unhappiness for me.  At times, I would be the best safety performer on the team, always given the toughest safety locations/book of business but was expected to always shine. I did shine, but even when I earned my results the right way, I was often accused of cheating, failing to report incidents, etc. It was an old song and dance for “women should not be in charge of safety,” despite the fact that I was a natural fit. I was reminded recently of the fact that the “lioness,” not the lion managed safety in the lion’s pride. Women truly are equipped to do this work for sure. 


AE: That statement about the lines is so true, but then women have been pushed down in many ways throughout history because men were afraid of losing a preserved control. Back then I know we had these discussions, but what was it like for you then, coming into a civil service job with a local government as an African American woman replacing not just a man, but a white male?


FSD: Early on in my career, I begin to realize that when replacing a white male in a work role that my work standards would be much higher and what was expected of me would be much higher. Had I continued to produce the level of work that my predecessor produced, I would have been criticized as a slacker. This is true even in times where my predecessor was terminated for not doing a good job. There were several things that he (my predecessor at the City) left undone and did not do very well. Remember, the person coming behind you always has the clearest view of your successes and failures; as they are generally charged with cleaning up all of the messes you have left behind. 


Despite his shortcomings, my leader at the City still had very high regard for him personally and professionally as it pertained to his work. Even when she was aware of things that were not up to code or regulatory standards that he was charged with handling, she would make excuses for his performance or oversights. Maybe this is because his work was a reflection of her, but one will never know. Even today, she admires and respects my predecessor at the City. 


AE: It can be very difficult to come in behind someone, but it can also be a great thing because sometimes people don’t know what good work is. The first time we met was when I initially met you after you had applied for the H&S position with the City of Casselberry in Florida. I am going to summarize here, but I remember you asking me a question about how I felt as a gay man working there; it seemed that you had some concerns as a black woman as to if you would be accepted. Understandable since I think there were less than a handful of black employees. Since then you have held other positions; has this still been a concern? If not, when did it change for you? If so, why?


FSD: Back then, I was lucky to have an employee advocate like you in the workplace to make things fit. Had I not had you in my life at the time at work, life at the City would have been dull and difficult. Despite the fact that you were not African American, we shared so many commonalities, that even when we had bad days, you would make me smile. As a gay man, you understood the difficulties involved in trying to balance the task of being authentically yourself in a world full of people who only recruited and retained people who looked just like them. The City’s staff understood me, no better than they understood you. You never allowed that to stop you or hinder your work abilities. You always knew you had larger career aspirations awaiting you. You were also very cultured and had a large world view. I was so fortunate to meet and befriend you. 


In case you did not know, I inherited my love of art from you and always credit you with helping me to frame things that remind me of my past and the strength in that. I also still put the small angel that you gave me (African American angel; the first one that I ever owned) on one of my trees each year as a sacrament to our friendship and your gift to me. I also see your framed art throughout my home each day. I want you to know this. 


To answer the full question, I don’t think that the industry has changed much in terms of workplace diversity. I think that I have changed; especially as it pertains to companies getting the diversity equation right. I presently work in an organization today and am the only person of color on the senior leadership team. I don’t think that I have stopped caring about balancing the diversity equation, I just think that I am used this being the case in every organization. Most companies don’t believe in full diversity; only in meeting the federal government requirements. As you well know, this is the problem with any federal requirement goal; to include diversity goals/metric; people only want to meet them and not exceed them. 


AE: I am humbled by your kind words and can’t express what they mean to me. You make a great point about diversity and that when there is a mandate of any kind by the government the objective of most business’s is to meet it and do little more. This leads me to a follow up question, the world has changed so much since we met some 20 years ago, in the general and in the workplace. What amazes you most?


FSD: What amazes me most about the EHS career field is that it has been slow to change. This is reflected in the number of executive leadership roles still being held by older white males; who really have not been made to embrace technology or changes in the field that have the potential to make the workplace safer. Technology and its advancements have been the most amazing thing over the span of my 20+ year career. We have autonomous driving vehicles and drones being deployed to assist in managing workplace safety. This is truly amazing. 


AE: Funny that you say that because I experienced that first hand where the person in the E&H leadership role could barely write a sentence and would send out information that was full of typos and made no sense. Besides that, where else is it that you feel that we still have work to do?


FSD: Fully embracing women in the workplace is still our weakest axis on the career beam. As a society, we still have ideas of what jobs women should and should not hold in the workplace. Being a woman has held me back harder than being African American. Being both of these things is very difficult at times to overcome. 


AE: If I recall correctly, we had discussions 20 years ago about equal pay because when you were hired you were paid less than the white male you replaced. While there were differences in experience, in terms of the work performed there was not; so what are your thoughts on equal pay for equal work and where we are today; in your opinion and from your perspective have things changed?


FSD: In the words of Fredrick Douglass; “power concedes nothing without a demand.” 20 years ago, I lacked the confidence to demand an equitable salary. Today, I am paid on par or better in some cases then my male counterparts because I have truly learned how to negotiate my package (to include vacation, sabbaticals for school, sign-on bonuses, etc.) and have gained an immense understanding of my workplace value. 


Due to my physical packaging, (A female), I must go into every job expecting to work harder to prove myself and work harder in general. This is okay and I have adjusted to this concept. However, just as I am unafraid to endeavor in the hard work, I should be just as unapologetic in demanding my worth in salary and benefits. It took me a while to get this, but I finally got it. I have been six figured since 2004. I bookmark this year as a pivotal point in my life due to my learning to love and value myself and my work contributions. It also helped me that I created a slam book which documents my financial success at every organization. People talk about what they can do, I show employers what I have done. I can share my “Fran’s slambook” if you are interested in seeing it. 


AE: I would love to see it! I came across a statistic that only 6.4 percent of Fortune Magazines 2017 Fortune 500 list CEO’s were women. In your opinion, do you think women are doing enough to advance and promote women into leadership roles or even those roles like yours that have been traditionally held by men?


FSD: I may not understand all of the power struggles at play in the promotion and advancement of women, however, women do have a role to play as well. When I was informed that the Clinton Foundation (run by both Hillary and Bill) did not practice equity of pay for women and men and failed to promote women to many of its top roles; this was very disappointing. Men certainly have a role to play, but as women; we should just get it. Many times, women are not in roles of influence to make the top decisions on whether other women are promoted or advance within an organization, But, certainly, when we have roles to play in this process, we should be sure to advance the causes of other women. If all things are equal between candidates, we should use every opportunity to promote other women and not make it harder for women to rise. Men already do a great job of holding women back; especially women who make the decisions to start families. 


AE: When we first met you had one child and then had another. How did motherhood change your perspective on having a career and societies expectations of working mothers?


FSD: Children forced me to create my personal list of non-negotiables. I owe companies my work, not my family and certainly not my children. Women are expected to leave so much of themselves at home; especially as it pertains to children and family life. Because we are emotional beings, we feel all of the pains involving our children and should not be expected to manage our personal lives robotically/transactional but to be fully engaged while at work despite real at home family crisis occurring at the same time. 


Real companies understand that your family is of primal importance and will allow you the time and leverage to manage your family life. When my child is sick, I should not feel guilty because I may miss a meeting or can't manage a last-minute request. My family comes first. I can get another job, but can't replace my family. 


When my 10-year old daughter had to have heart surgery, my company at the time was not very accommodating. I was a VP and it was hard trying to explain why I had to turn my phone off in the ICU hospital waiting room. This was one of many signs that I was not a fit for the company’s “work everyone to the ground” culture.  I eventually left the company but learned a valuable lesson of guilting myself about life’s circumstances involving my children. Children will get sick. This is a fact of life. Balanced organizations run by engaged leaders understand this. 


AE: I had the opportunity to interview Jessica Shortall who wrote the book Work Pump Repeat describing the challenges she faced as a new mother returning to the workplace. As a man, I was shocked by her descriptions of how other women treated her both when she was pregnant but also when she went back to work. Did you experience any lack of support from other women?


FSD: At the City, this was true until my leader’s husband had a stroke. Once this occurred, my new baby and the times where I was late and could not make it became more understanding. It was like the universe/God created a crisis so that my leader could become more compassionate as it pertained to family life balance. 


Women are sometimes harder on other women. At the present time, I am unsure if this is learned behavior or internal hate of ourselves because we are not men. We should understand each other if no one else does. Women must work harder at sticking together. 

It was the same when I decided to transition my hair too much more natural styles as an executive. Women had the most negative things to say. I had one Caucasian woman state that my natural hair was unprofessional. Unprofessional? I produced the same high level of work and acted the same at work. This baffled me and ended up in HR as a full-blown investigation that led to nowhere. The company surely did not want to admit that it had a diversity problem. 


I also had women of color just state that they did not like my hair (afro) in its natural state. For the women of color, I took it is self-hatred; as many of them did not have the confidence or the conviction to do the same. They continued to wear wigs and weaves, preferring what they felt corporate America expected of them and continuing to resist loving their whole self; just the way God made them. For the Caucasian women, I took it as the same self-hate; the same way that they color their greys and straighten their curly hair each day to appear mainstream. All of this stems from a lack of self-love and self-acceptance. I transitioned my hair in 2010 and have continued wearing braids and other natural styles. My hair has not kept me from getting interviews or earning a job with perks. But, most of my recent hires have been working for white men. This proves that men are not the problem as it pertains to AA women’s hair. 


AE: It is so interesting that you tell this story because I interviewed someone for a role and he had braids; the African American woman on my team said it was unprofessional but I disagreed. As the leader I was the decision maker and we hired him but the thing that bothered me most that this was another person of color making that statement. 

It never ceases to amaze me how parents do it, do you think people without children can really understand what it is like to have the responsibilities and challenges that go with being a parent and having a career?


FSD: No, not really. Even with pets and family dogs, I have seen the childless cry and carry on for their pets. But, pets don’t live as long as people. A mother worries for her child from the time that they are born until they die. This is a long time to manage your own life while trying to manage the stressful lives of your offspring. You hurt when they hurt. You feel all of their joys and disappointments. This emotional experience is hard to explain to someone who does not have children of their own. 


It is doubly hard to explain an emotional choice to a co-worker or leader who does not have children. Some experiences you really have to go through to gain a full understanding. Having a child does not mean that you are not serious about your career. Having a child is a choice, but it is an emotional choice. Men in business have a hard time understanding how women make emotional choices; especially at work. I have made these same choices to give a person another chance when they violate a safety rule. Sometimes it works out, sometimes it does not. Explaining an emotional choice to a man is hard, but to a man without children; forget it. 


AE: As a successful woman, did you have to think about becoming a parent and what it would mean to your career?


FSD: I really never gave this much thought. I was a little naïve on this front. However, my own daughter is graduating college this year and we talk in depth about this. Several mainstream lawsuits and recent events have brought to light the challenges that women face while deciding to have a family in the middle of their careers. Some women are choosing to forgo motherhood during the first half of their careers (childbearing ages) to freezing their eggs and opting for surrogates and the like. My daughter is of this mindset. She is an accounting (actuarial science) major. Those types of jobs don’t support women being pregnant in their 20’s. 


I told my daughter not to make a 21-year-old decision that has the ability to have 70 years of implications; if she lives to 91. Family is an important part of life. No one dies morning stuff; we all mourn our families. 


AE: That is so true! A lot has changed in the workforce for women, but women still make less than men and the glass ceiling has yet to be shattered. Do you think there will ever be “equality” in the workplace?


FSD: Yes. It only takes women to begin believing in themselves and understanding their worth. I have guided my daughter through these salary processes and she is becoming good at it. It does not feel good when initiating conflict, but she is learning. She has also turned some things down in the process due to the offered wages being too low. However, she has learned to speak up for herself in the areas of salary as well. When she was made aware of a pay discrepancy between her and a male intern, she spoke up. This is all that we can hope for. Having the guts to speak up is where it starts. In her case, they made it right for her. 


AE: One of my earliest interviews for my Women on Leadership series was with Vy Higgensen who was the first female advertising executive at Ebony magazine and the first African-American woman to write, produce and direct the longest-running, Off-Broadway musical in the history of American theater. Our interview gave me a much greater awareness of not only the struggles of women in the workforce but how much greater it has been for women of color. What are your thoughts and experiences?


FSD: How much time do we have? Seriously, our experience is unique. We have had the entire world on our backs due to the systematic oppression of black males in a society which shouldered the burden of raising a family onto the black women. Couple this family dynamic with the overt racism and microaggressions that occur at work and it is a formula for mental illness. I was raised by a single mother who was stressed every day of my childhood life. Imagine that; I never really saw my mother smile until I was a grown woman.


Some of this has rubbed off on me. I take care of everyone in my family every day and constantly put myself and my wellbeing last. To this day I believe that my pre-term pregnancies were both associated with work stress and the pressures of life. The medical specialist has found no medical reason as to why I cannot carry a pregnancy to full term. I have chocked it all up to stress. You grow up fighting for this and fighting for that. It is tiring. All good soldiers lay down their weapons to rest. 


Life is hard and doubly hard when you are a woman of color. If we are too strong, we are aggressive. If we are too weak, we are taken advantage of. If we stand up for ourselves, we are automatically the provokers. If a white person makes a statement about us, it is fact. We get no second try to make most things right; especially at work and especially when it pertains to budget or safety performance. We must come out of the gate saving money. This is unreal and we are held to standards that our white counterparts are not and never will be. They have support and sponsors that protect them even when they have a bad month or bad year. Unfortunately, women don’t have these systems of protection. Malcolm X said it best, “there is no one more disrespected, unprotected, and neglected in America than the black woman.” 


AE: It is no secret that women have been subjected to discrimination, sexual harassment and objectification in and out of the workplace throughout history and it continues today. Despite more and more women coming forward and more and more men being held accountable, are we having the right conversations about this or are we just being reactive to the current state?


FSD: We are being reactive. We are fully aware that sexual harassment has and will continue to exist until we have honest conversations about the conditions which promote these types of interactions at work. Also, most men are never really held accountable. The recent rash of judges giving white males slap on the hand for college rape episodes is a great example of this. The judges would rather put their bench careers in jeopardy instead of admitting that rape culture is a systemic problem. 


AE: Being respectful of personal differences and never wanting to offend those I interview but don’t personally know I rarely if ever ask about politics, but since I know you, I am interested in knowing what you think and feel like a woman about the current political state?


FSD: Women have been far too quiet for too long politically. Maybe it is the fear of being branded as aggressive or running the risk of not being well liked/hated; very few women have had the courage to run for large political office. I admire Hillary for this. She ran even though most people branded her as a “bitch.” The election outcomes revealed to America our hate and disdain for strong, powerful women. We would rather elect a rapist (his own words) than to put a qualified, strong woman in the White House. For the women who are there now; the old holdovers; (Pelosi, Collins) they are afraid of upsetting the status quo. I was pleased to see the new house sweep by a diverse brood of women. We need more of this. The government leaders and the presidency should be a reflection of the people. Society is not all white male or white female. We all have a role to play. Very few “nice” women ever make history. We need to awaken the radical “women” so that we can solve these long-standing societal problems in our nation. 


AE: We have seen so many instances or issues around race from the Travon Martin case in Sanford Florida where I lived to the female police officer shooting of Botham Shem Jean here in Dallas where I live now and the many instances of racial profiling throughout the country; as I think about all of these and the responses that people have, all the discord, I wonder if we are having the right discussions about the state of discrimination and race or anything else? We seem so polarized an unable to have a “discussion”. What are your thoughts and opinions?


FSD: This is a holdover from Jim Crow and slavery. This is not new; the videos are simply bringing more of this to light. America needs to acknowledge, apologize and create systems to right the wrongs of the past. Far too many people are still being plagued with modern-day slavery; “systemic incarceration and the criminal justice system” which still sees black bodies as slaves. 


AE: What advice would you give to young women today pursuing a career in safety of any kind?


FSD: In safety, a lot. Be bold. The problems of today will be solved by bold thinkers. Be who God made you to be. There is a place for you in corporate America just the way you are. 


AE: What is one thing you hope you see when it comes to women in positions of leadership and influence in your lifetime?


FSD: Access and equity. This includes access to the best jobs and equity on all fronts to include pay, benefits, stock, and shareholder access, etc. 


AE: I am a lover of inspirational and motivational quotes; do you have a favorite?


FSD: “To thine own self be true.” Guard your thoughts; “As a man thinketh so is he.”


COMMENT ON THIS INTERVIEW

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A LOOK BACK  |  By Anthony T. Eaton

January 2019


History is full of women leaders that have left their mark and whose names are easily recognizable from Cleopatra and Joan of Arc to Eleanore Roosevelt and Rosa Parks. But there are many lesser known women who have made significant impacts on the world.


Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797) Mary was a British philosopher and feminist who is best known for her book – A Vindication of the Rights of Women (1792), The book was  ground-breaking as it proposed women were the equal of men and that only lack of education made women intellectually inferior to men, not their gender.

 

Sojourner Truth (1797–1897) was born into slavery but escaped to freedom and became one of the most noted African-American women speakers on issues of civil rights and abolition.

She was deeply religious and felt a calling from God to travel America speaking on slavery and other contemporary issues. At 6ft tall, she was a striking presence and used her powerful oratory to awaken the conscience of America to the injustice of slavery and discrimination.


Frances Perkins (1880 - 1965 was  the first female to serve in the U.S. presidential cabinet. In 1933 President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed her be to the U.S. Secretary of Labor. On the heals of the great depression  Perkins helped in the creation of the New Deal and Social Security programs.  Additionally she fought for laws to set minimum wages, pensions, unemployment insurance and restrictions on child labor practices.


Barbara Jordan (1936 - 1996)  was the first African-American to be elected to the Texas Senate after Reconstruction, the first black woman elected to the United States House of Representatives, first African-American woman to deliver the keynote address at a Democratic National Convention. 


Arabella Mansfield (1846 –  1911) became the first female lawyer in the United States in 1869 after challenging Iowa state law excluding women from the bar and in 1893 Mansfield joined the National League of Women Lawyers. Although admitted to the bar, Mansfield did not practice law and instead concentrated on college teaching and activist work.  In 1893 Arabella was selected as Dean of the School of Art at DePauw, and in 1894 as Dean of the School of Music. 

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